#DYK: climate action is supported
with major EU investments
in the regions
1. Why track climate action?
To reach the EU agreed climate and energy targets by 2020, the European Commission committed itself to support climate action with a target of investing at least 20% of the EU budget 2014-2020. That political commitment is part of a wider effort to mainstream climate action and contribute to the efforts to mitigate climate breakdown and adapt our natural and human built environment and economy to the expected impact of global heating.
2. How do we track financial inputs in cohesion policy?
- 100% - in cases where the support makes a significant climate contribution (i.e. sustainable energy, climate related risk prevention, climate related RTDI, ...)
- 40% - in case of a moderate contribution (clean urban transport, rail, intermodal and other public transport, ...)
- 0% - in cases where the support does not contribute or where the contribution is insignificant (most codes).
3. An overview of climate actions planned and progress
3.1 Cohesion policy planned EU budget amounts
3.2 Climate tracking implementation - timeseries
3.3 Climate tracking implementation - by Fund
4. Which are the main ERDF/CF climate relevant investment?
- In Germany support to energy efficiency in public buildings is the biggest investment category;
- In Poland it is clean urban transport (ERDF and Cohesion fund combined);
- While in Spain the largest investment is in energy efficiency in the housing stock.
- the chart across shows the top 20 fields
- drag the bar up to see other fields;
-34 field codes in the total of 123 field codes are considered to have a climate relevance and present in the dataset.
5. What about investments by Country?
You can also access the country aggregate plans and progress, right down to specific programmes by intervention field. Below you can use the country filter to view other countries and make comparisons of their overall progress over time by using the year filter. It really is a detailed tracking process!
The provision allowing a 40% weighting to otherwise zero-weighted ERDF and CF intervention fields used in Thematic Objective 4: Low carbon economy and Thematic Objective 5: Climate change and risk prevention is not included in the calculations made in this story or in the underlying data. That leads to a minor understatement in this story.
6. What about practical examples?
More examples are available on our projects page.
Further resources and reading
- ESIF Open Data: ERDF-CF-ESF Categorisation Dataset with metadata (API enabled)
- ESIF Open Data overview of investments by Low Carbon economy, Climate change adaptation and risk prevention and network infrastructure (transport and energy).
- Guidance Note on the categorisation system.
- Study on the initial Mainstreaming of climate action by COWI , May 2016.
- EU Court of Auditors Special report No 31/2016: "Spending at least one euro in every five from the EU budget on climate action: ambitious work underway, but at serious risk of falling short"
- DG REGIO 2018 study on climate proofing infrastructure
- 2020 Study for EP IPOL_STUD20200654166 - Documenting climate mainstreaming in the EU budget: making the system more transparent, stringent and comprehensive
- 2021 Study for EP REGI committee Cohesion Policy and Climate change by Ismeri Europa/CEDRU
- EU Court of Auditors Special Report No 09/2022: "Climate spending in the 2014-2020 EU budget"