1. Why track climate action?
To reach the EU agreed climate and energy targets by 2020, the European Commission committed itself to support climate action with a target of investing at least 20% of the EU budget 2014-2020. That political commitment is part of a wider effort to mainstream climate action and contribute to the efforts to mitigate climate breakdown and adapt our natural and human built environment and economy to the expected impact of global heating.
2. So. How do we track financial inputs in cohesion policy?
- 100% - in cases where the support makes a significant climate contribution (i.e. sustainable energy, climate related risk prevention, climate related RTDI, ...)
- 40% - in case of a moderate contribution (clean urban transport, rail, intermodal and other public transport, ...)
- 0% - in cases where the support does not contribute or where the contribution is insignificant (most codes).
3. An overview of climate actions planned and progress
4. Which are the main ERDF/CF climate relevant investment?
For the ERDF and Cohesion fund the most important intervention field by financial allocations (after applying the weightings) are presented in the chart below.
5. ... and what about the investments by Country?
Yes, you can also access the country aggregate plans and progress, right down to specific programmes by intervention field. Below you can use the country filter to view other countries and make comparisons of their overall progress over time by using the year filter. It really is a detailed tracking process!
6. What about practical examples?
7. Further resources and reading
- ESIF Open Data: ERDF-CF-ESF Categorisation Dataset with metadata (API enabled)
- ESIF Open Data overview of investments by Low Carbon economy, Climate change adaptation and risk prevention and network infrastructure (transport and energy).
- Guidance Note on the categorisation system.
- EU Court of Auditors Special report No 31/2016: "Spending at least one euro in every five from the EU budget on climate action: ambitious work underway, but at serious risk of falling short"
- DG REGIO 2018 study on climate proofing infrastructure