In profile: Fund for European Aid to 
the Most Deprived (FEAD)

What is FEAD? 

The Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) supports EU countries' actions to provide food and/or basic material assistance to the most deprived. This includes food, clothing and other essential items for personal use, e.g. shoes, soap and shampoo. Material assistance needs to go hand in hand with social inclusion measures, such as guidance and support to help people out of poverty. National authorities may also support non-material assistance to the most deprived people, to help them integrate better into society. FEAD support will help people take their first steps out of poverty and social exclusion by addressing their most basic needs, which is a precondition for them to be able to get a job or follow a training course such as those supported by the European Social Fund (ESF).
In this data story you can explore the planned financing under the EU budget 2014-2020 and progress in EU payments (which will continue until 2023). The charts below are linked to #ESIFOpenData that is refreshed daily.

Planned finances

The chart below presents the total EU budget allocations under FEAD to the EU-27 and the UK.

Additional REACT-EU allocations to FEAD

The Recovery Assistance for Cohesion and the Territories of Europe initiative ("REACT-EU") constitutes additional EU budget resources programmed under 2014-2020 rules financed by the EU Recovery Plan NextGenerationEU

REACT-EU aims to bridge the gap between the immediate emergency response in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, its social consequences and long-term recovery.  Under REACT-EU some Member States have asked for additional FEAD resources. The additional amount decided for FEAD are included in the chart above but set out separately in the chart below. 

EU Payments

Aggregate (cumulative) EU payments made of the EU support are presented below. 

- Use the filters (top right of the chart) to see the national progress; 
- Click on a bar for one year to see the national composition of EU payments;
- Use the buttons at the top left of the chart to navigate the drill up / down.       
The increase in FEAD funding (planned EU amount) in 2021 - over EUR 400 million - is linked to the provision of REACT-EU resources under #NextGenerationEU. The bulk of REACT-EU was allocated under ERDF and ESF - find more information here.     

More information 

  • DG EMPL FEAD webpage : LINK
  • Project examples (2019):   LINK 


Author: Michele CALANDRINO
Date of text: January 2021