The 8th Cohesion Report presents the main changes in territorial disparities in the EU over the past decade and how EU and national policies have affected those disparities. The full report is available here.
One in three people in the EU live in a region that lost population between 2010 and 2020
Rural and non-metro regions have been shrinking
Natural population change is the main source of population reductions
At the EU level, positive net-migration (2.2 per 1000) compensated for negative natural population change (-0.3 per 1000). Looking by urban-rural regional typology and geographic region shows that natural change was negative or close to zero in all types of regions, except north-western urban regions. Net-migration was positive in all types of regions except eastern rural and intermediate regions. This highlights that the main source of regional population reductions is negative natural change. The two interactive maps below show that regional negative natural change is far more common than negative net migration: three out of four regions experience negative natural change compared to one out of four for negative net migration.
An ageing baby boom leads to population reductions and more people aged 65 and over
Fewer young and working age people and more people 65 and over by 2030
- The full Cohesion report and supporting materials (including the data) is available on this webpage.
- EUROSTAT webpage on population statistics at regional level - explained